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History of Columbus, GA

Kenneth S. Nugent, P.C. > History of Columbus, GA
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Columbus GA is a beautiful waterfront city located in Georgia. The city lies on the banks of the Chattahoochee River along the Alabama-Georgia border in the immediate vicinity of Phenix City. Being a consolidated city-county, Columbus serves as the administrative center of Muscogee County and the principal city of the larger Columbus metropolitan area. As of 2017, the population of Columbus was estimated to be a little over 194,000 residents; almost two-thirds of the population of the entire Columbus metropolitan area which was estimated to be around 303,000 people. As such, Columbus is ranked as Georgia’s third-largest city after Atlanta and Augusta.

Downtown Columbus GeorgiaHistory has it that modern-day Columbus city was originally the ancestral home of the Creek Indians for hundreds of years prior to the arrival of the Europeans. When the white settlers arrived in the area in the 18th century, Columbus became an important trading center between the natives and the white settlers. The city was officially established in 1828 near the furthest navigable point on the Chattahoochee River. The city was given the name Columbus as a tribute to Christopher Columbus, the legendary Italian explorer. The Creek Indians continued to live across the river from Columbus, at the current location of Phenix City, until 1836 when they were forcibly driven out by the federal government to pave way for more new white settlers.

With the Chattahoochee River serving as the main transportation system between Columbus and the outside world, the city quickly evolved into a prominent farming community and one of the main cotton exporters in the region. The local economy was further boosted by the arrival of the railroad in the 1850s. Soon enough, numerous textile mills were established along the Chattahoochee River, slowly transforming Columbus from a dominant agricultural center into one of the principal industrial centers in the South.

During the American Civil War, Columbus, an already developed industrial city, became the second-largest producer of uniforms, cannons, machinery, and firearms for the Confederacy. It was also the location of the last land battle in the war-the Battle of Columbus. Most of the industries were destroyed during the battle but the city recovered easily after the war and re-asserted its dominance as a top industrial center.

Today, Columbus is a thriving commercial center boasting of modern infrastructure, world-class schools, and a growing tourism industry. The city is home to the high flying Columbus State University, Fort Benning, and many other top organizations.

Kenneth S. Nugent, P.C.
1 10th St #550, Augusta, GA 30901
(706) 724-1756

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